Shoko is a handsome 8 month old domestic short hair cat who was awarded the purple heart for bravery this month. Shoko was brought to the clinic when his owners became concerned as he seemed to be straining to urinate.
Cats and dogs may develop urinary problems for many reasons including, urinary crystal formation (FLUTD), infection, and stress. In most cases these problems can be quite easily fixed by performing a urinalysis to determine the exact problem, and treating with the correct antibiotic or other medications.
Urinary crystals, Struvite and Calcium Oxylate most commonly, form when the urine pH is too alkaline. In healthy patients, the acidity of their urine prevents these from forming. Due to the anatomy of the male cat, their bladder may actually become completely blocked from these crystals. This can become a life threatening problem within hours as their bladder may rupture, and the inability to rid the body of waste may lead to abnormal heart and kidney function.
The veterinarian performed a thorough examination and palpated Shoko's abdomen. His bladder was enlarged and unable to be manually expressed. His genitals were also very inflamed from constant straining and over grooming.
Shoko was admitted to hospital and given a anaesthetic so the veterinarian could catheterise, and empty his bladder. Once Shoko had a urinary catheter in place, his bladder was flushed with saline to aid in removing the excess crystals, and a urine sample was collected to be sent off the pathology lab for a culture and antibiotic sensitivity test.
Shoko was fitted with a Elizabethan collar to prevent him from removing his catheter, and given some medications to help reduce the pain and inflammation in his bladder. He was also placed on intravenous fluids to increase his urine output and help clear his bladder.
For the next four days Shoko was kept in hospital while we monitored his urination via his urinary catheter. He was given a special diet (Royal Canin Urinary, Hills C/d, Eukanuba Low pH/s) to help acidify his urine, as well as plenty of TLC by all the staff, and his owner who came to see him everyday!
After Shoko's urinary catheter was removed, and he was able to pass urine freely, he was sent home on a course of antibiotics and only allowed to eat his special diet.
Shoko is doing well, with no recurrence of symptoms, and continues to enjoy his special diet.
If your pet seems to be straining to urinate it should be seen at the clinic. If your male cat is showing these symptoms, it must be seen immediately. If you have any concerns or questions about Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) please speak to our friendly staff.