Dental disease is very common in cats and dogs especially once they reach the age of six or seven years old. It is also more common in brachycephalic (short-faced such as pugs and boxers etc) and FIV positive cats.
Signs and symptoms that your pet may have dental disease include:
- Halitosis (bad breath).
- Chewing to one side of the mouth or being unable to chew at all.
- Vocalization or pain when eating.
- Gingivitis (gum inflammation).
- A build up of calculus and plaque.
In some instances an abscess can form above the root of a decaying tooth, known as a tooth root abscess. Dental disease can also contribute to renal (kidney) failure in cats.
Bounce was at the vet for his annual health check-up and vaccination. During the health check-up Bounce’s owner voiced her concerns that bounce had very smelly breath and seemed to have a bit of trouble eating recently. On examination of his mouth the vet could see that he had quite severe gingivitis and a large build up of calculus. The vet advised that he should have a dental procedure in to avoid further problems.
On the eve of Bounces dental he was not allowed any dinner after 8.00pm and no breakfast the next day. He was taken back to the vets the next morning for a check up before he was admitted to hospital.
Once in hospital Bounce had a small amount of blood taken to check his liver and kidneys were functioning properly. When the results came back normal he was placed on intravenous fluids to maintain his blood pressure during the anesthetic. He was then given a pre-medication that contained a sedative (to help him relax) and an analgesic (pain relief).
Once Bounce was anaesthetized the vet went to work to clean his teeth. Information about the health of each tooth and his gums were recorded and the excess calculus removed from his teeth. An ultrasonic scaler was used to remove the remaining calculus and plaque and then his teeth were polished and looking beautiful. (Luckily he didn’t need any teeth removed!)
Bounce woke up to find himself on a soft fluffy blanket with a heating pad underneath. His mouth felt lovely and clean and he wasn’t in any pain.
When he was up and about he was given some breakfast by the nurses, and picked up by his owners later that afternoon.
For the next few days Bounce was only allowed to eat soft food (his gums were a little tender) after which he was started on a new diet of Hills t/d biscuits to help keep his teeth clean and healthy.
If you think your pet is showing any signs of dental disease please be sure to contact us for an appointment.